Forex Market Overview

Introduction

The following facts and figures relate to the foreign exchange market. Much of the information is drawn from the 2010 Triennial Central Bank Survey of Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Activity conducted by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in April 2010. 53 central banks and monetary authorities participated in the survey, collecting information from 1,309 market participants.

Excerpt from the BIS:

"The 2010 triennial survey shows another significant increase in global foreign exchange market activity since the last survey in 2007, following the unprecedented rise in activity between 2004 and 2007. Global foreign exchange market turnover was 20% higher in April 2010 than in April 2007. This increase brought average daily turnover to $4.0 trillion (from $3.3 trillion) at current exchange rates...The higher global foreign exchange market turnover in 2010 is largely due to the increased trading activity of "other financial institutions" - a category that includes nonreporting banks, hedge funds, pension funds, mutual funds, insurance companies and central banks, among others. Turnover by this category grew by 42%, increasing to $1.9 trillion in April 2010 from $1.3 trillion in April 2007." - BIS

Structure


Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

Trading Hours

Size

1. About $320 billion - World Federation of Exchanges aggregate 2009
2. About $70 billion - World Federation of Exchanges 2009
3. Based on world population of 6.9 billion - US Census Bureau
4. About $58 trillion - World Bank 2009.

 


Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

Major Markets

5. The Foreign Exchange Market in the United States - NY Federal Reserve
6. The Foreign Exchange Market in the United States - NY Federal Reserve

Average Daily Turnover by Geographic Location

Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

Concentration in the Banking Industry

Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

Technical Analysis

Commonly used technical indicators:

Currencies

Currency Codes

Average Daily Turnover by Currency

N.B. Because two currencies are involved in each transaction, the sum of the percentage shares of individual currencies totals 200% instead of 100%.

Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

Currency Pairs

Average Daily Turnover by Currency Pair

Source: BIS Triennial Survey 2010

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Forex Market Overview